SPRING 2008
Cyberlaw
Course No.: 9200 710 801
Course ID:  17261
Tu 6:30-9:30 p.m.
Room W-215
Professor Jay Dratler, Jr.
Room 231D (IP Alcove)
(330) 972-7972
dratler@uakron.edu,
dratler@neo.rr.com
Copyright © 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2008   Jay Dratler, Jr.  
For permission, see CMI.

Questions upon First Reading of
Electronic Communications Privacy Act


This statute is long, detailed, and complex.  As you read it, please keep the following questions in mind and try to answer them, or at least to identify the statutory provisions most relevant to answering them.  Start by reading the whole statute quickly, for an overview, with these questions in mind.


1.  Why are there two separate but similar chapters in this statute (Chapters 119 and 121, as codified)?  What does one chapter cover that the other does not, and is there any overlap?


2.  Which definitions are most important in determining the statute's overall coverage and its application vel non to particular cases?  What categories of communications do the definitions describe?  Is there any overlap among the categories, and, if so, to what extent?


3.  What parts of the statute protect private communications against snooping by private, i.e., nongovernmental, parties?  What parts of the statute protect private communications against snooping by various branches of the government?


4.  What definitions and statutory provisions determine whether communications are "private" (not a statutory term, but a useful concept nevertheless) and eligible for protection, and whether they are "open" and therefore unprotected?


5.  What are the principal exceptions and exemptions to the statute's protection?  with respect to private (nongovernmental) snooping?  with respect to governmental snooping?  Are the exceptions and exemptions appropriate?  Are they clear and well defined?


6.  What sanctions does the statute provide for violating its protection of "private" communications?  what criminal penalties?  what civil sanctions?  Are the penalties and sanctions appropriate?  Are they clear and well defined?


7.  What portions of the statute provide procedural protection against court-ordered and otherwise permissible snooping?  Does the statute contain any analogue to the "exclusionary rule" familiar from general criminal procedure?  Does this protection adequately address the constitutional rights of criminal suspects and other targets of investigations?

What risks, if any, do these statutory sources of procedural protection pose to law enforcement and investigation?  Are the risks justified?  What risks does the statute's procedural protection pose to foreign intelligence and counterintelligence activities?  Are they justified?

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