7400.685-080 - Research Methods in FCS
School of Family and Consumer Sciences
Spring Semesters - Tuesday Evenings 5:20-7:55pm in 209 Schrank Hall South
Instructor: David D. Witt, Ph.D.

Take Home Exam 2
Covering material from Week 5 through Week 9
1. Explain the difference between a population and a sample.
2. Explain why representativeness is important in sampling.
3. What is the importance to sampling to the idea of inference?
4. List and give a short definition of five or six types of instruments for behavioral science.

5. In describing behavioral science progress, how have each of the following conditions improved the field?
•    Sampling techniques have become very precise
•    Development of measurements such as Scales and Indexes
•    Development of statistical software to run on increasingly powerful desktop computers
•    Advances in data storage
•    Growth of academic consortia such as the National Opinion Research Center, and ISPCR
•    Prolifereation of funding sources.

6. Write a good question for a questionnaire on the following general topics:
•    A question about behavior
•    A question about an attitudes or beliefs
•    A question about personal characteristics
•    A question about personal expectations
•    A self-classification question
•    A question to test a person's knowledge on a topic
•    A demographic measures

7. Look at the following questions and identify the mistakes made in their construction?
•    Why do you think the President is so stupid?
•    Do you feel funny about standing with others, like in a crowded elevator.
•    When was the last time you cheated on your spouse?
•    Do you think the President should continue down the present course, or should he stop taking so many vacations
•    Do you ever regret, while spanking your children, that you ever had them?

8.  Take the questionnaire below and make a codebook and a spreadsheet.
•    1. In the space provided, please write the number of fillings you currently have in your teeth. ____
•    2. In the next two minutes, count the number of times you think about the word "gizmo" and write that number down here _____.
•    3. If your federal tax liability is 20% of your income, and you made $1000 on an illegal pyramid scheme, how much money would you owe the IRS _____.
•    4. Circle your response: U.S. involvement in the Korean War was:  
o    a. unavoidable
o    b. a choice we made
o    c. completely avoidable
o    d. no opinion
•    5. Complete the following rhyme -  "Of all the fish in the sea, the mermaid is the:
•    a. one for me
•    b. one to be
•    c. rarity

9. Summarize the role of the interviewer in five or six easy to remember statements.
10. Try to compare and contrast the relative merits of self-report questionnaires, interviews, and direct observations.
11. Why is participant observaton mistrusted in behavioral research? Give it's pros and cons.

Now thing about your area of specialization for some of the remaining questions.

12. In a few sentences, explain the kind of research done in your particular specialization..
13. Draw the two by two table (quant/qual by obstrusive/unobstrusive) from the reading and fill in as many of the quadrants as you can with research that fits (one study per quadrant would be just fine) from your area of specialization.
14. Support a choice for research in your specialization where survey research be a good methodology to use?
15. Give your own definition of the Hawthorne Effect.
16. Give your definition of the Rosenthal Effect and explain how a single-blind control solves the problem.
17. Describe a research topic from your area of specialization that might be suitable for hidden direct observations.
18. Describe a research topic from your area of specialization that might be suitable for participant observation.
19. Secondary Analysis is a broad term for many kinds of data collection. List and briefly explain three - coming as close to your area of specialization as you can..
20. Decribe a possible study from your area of specialization when a case study would be appropriate.