Family Crisis
Midterm Exam

The ten questions with an ** are required answers and must be answered in half a page for a grade of C - more depth for a chance at a better grade.   Students are then choose 5 additional questions of their own choosing to answer.  For two of your choices - feel free to make up your own essays question to answer. Each answer is worth 10 points.

Conflict Theories


1. What is the main focus of all conflict theories?


** 2. What is the main point of difference between conflict theories and Structural Functional theory?


3. Briefly summarize the basic assumptions conflict theory makes about human nature.


4. Explain the statement: "Society can be observed on two levels: the integration and functioning of social institutions AND the character of participation of individuals in institutions.


5. What is an Evolutionary or Dialectic perspective.


6. Define Material Determinism in one sentence.


** 7. Explain the idea of Dialectical Change by way of an example.


8. What is the basic fallacy in Capitalism according to Marxists?


**9. Describe Alienation as a Marxist in terms of an alienated housewife.


10. How does Simmel see conflict differently from Marx.


11. How can conflict be a positive thing in a relationship in three steps?


12. How is conflict intensified, according to Coser?


13. Describe Sprey's ideas about conflict in the marital dyad.


14. Describe the types of conflict that occur in marriage.


15. Describe the stages of marital conflict from "prior conditions" to "follow- up/aftermath".


Symbolic Interaction Theory (SI)


1. What is the main focus of Symbolic Interaction Theory?


** 2. Define symbolic interaction in terms of roles, positions, and the use of symbols.


3. Define a significant symbol.


4. Briefly summarize the assumptions S-I theory makes about the process of socialization.


5. Explain the Situational Hypothesis.


6. Give an example of each part of the process of self-awareness:


  • -Our imagination of our appearance as an object to another person.
  • -Our image of the other person's evaluation of our appearance.
  • -Our feelings about the other's perceived evaluation.
**7. Define Mead's concept of the Generalized Other.


8. What are the three big ideas in SI theory.


**9. How is Intimacy "socially constructed"?


10. Define Impression Management.


11. List the five types of intimacy.



Social Exchange Theory

** 1. What is the main focus of Social Exchange Theory?


2. Summarize the basic assumptions of Social Exchange Theory


3. Explain the basic formula for predicting behavior according to Social Exchange.

4. Define what Power, Proximity, Propinquity and Competition according to Social Exchange.


5. What is the Principle of Least Interest?


6. Explain Adam Smith's Iron Law of Economics.


7. Explain this equation: Rewards for A - Costs for A = Rewards for B - Costs for B.


8. Explain the Principle of Social Scarcity and Societal Intervention.

9. Explain the Norm of Reciprocity.


10. Explain the Principle of Relative Deprivation.



Theories of Human Development


1. Explain operant conditioning according to Skinner.


2. What does Bandura's Cogintive Social Learning Theory add to Behavioral Psychology.

3. Define Reciprocal Determinism.


** 4. Explain the basic difference between Behavioralism and Piaget's Cognitive Development theory.


5. Describe each stage of Piaget's theory.


** 6. Describe the various aspects of formal operations.


7. What is the Value of Piaget's Theory for avoiding crises?


8. What is the basic difference between Freud's theory and Erikson's.


9. Define the Epigenetic Principle.


10. How might an understanding of Marcia's theory of Identity formation be of value to teachers or parents?



Family Crises Defined - Hill's ABC->X Theory


1. Draw and describe the ABC->X theory of family stress.


2. Define stress, stressors, distress, eustress.


3. Describe the six specific transitions in family life.


** 4. Consider the consequences of having one's children before establishing the economic/financial aspects of adulthood. How does this consideration inform the wisdom of attempting to make transitions out of the order defined by the culture?